By Mary Ellen Schill
December 17, 2021
The Internal Revenue Service has announced the optional standard mileage rates for computing the deductible cost of operating an automobile for business, medical, and moving expenses for 2022, and the increased rates reflect the increase in the fixed and variable costs of operating a vehicle, primarily due to increased gas prices. Effective January 1, 2022, the optional standard mileage rates will increase to 58.5 cents per mile for business transportation, and increase to 18 cents per mile for travel relating to medical transportation.
These mileage rates apply only to those expenses incurred or paid by a taxpayer on or after January 1, 2022 (and if reimbursed by an employer and reimbursed by the employer on or after that date). Expenses incurred prior to January 1, 2022 (whether reimbursed by the employer before or after that date) are still subject to the old 2021 rates (56 cents for business transportation, and 16 cents for medical transportation). The standard mileage rate for the deduction for use of an automobile in rendering volunteer services to a charitable organization remains unchanged from 2021 at 14 cents per mile.
This change in mileage rates is relevant to employers that reimburse employees for business transportation based on mileage. While there is no legal requirement that employees be reimbursed at the IRS standard rate, many employers have a policy of doing so, and some states actually require it. Even though the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act eliminated the ability of taxpayers to claim a miscellaneous itemized deduction for unreimbursed employee travel expenses, the income tax exclusion for employees if such expenses are reimbursed was retained. As a reminder, any payments to an employee based on business travel at a rate in excess of the IRS standard rate generally is taxable income to the employee.
If you have questions regarding the above, please contact Mary Ellen Schill, the author of this article, or any of the attorneys in the Employment & Benefits Practice Group of Ruder Ware.
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